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[10], The term cramp bark is related to the properties of the bark's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness. Notes : Often planted as ornamental plant in gardens and parks, the European Cranberry Bush can be identified very easily by its shining red fruits and its purple autumn color. The common name 'guelder rose' relates to the Dutch province of Gelderland, where a popular cultivar, the snowball tree, supposedly originated. [17][18] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. Viburnum opulus (common name: guelder-rose[1] or guelder rose; /ˈɡɛldər/[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.[3]. In Romanian, which has been influenced by East Slavic culture, Viburnum opulus is called călin. Dwarf varieties grow 1 to 3 feet tall, compact varieties grow 5 to 6 feet tall, and large varieties grow 10 to 13 feet tall. European cranberry-bush: translation. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves that have a red-tinge when they emerge. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. Plants spread from 10 to 15 feet and produce dense clumps of straight twigs that arch to create a rounded outline. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to … [4] Other common names include water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree, common snowball[5], and European cranberrybush, though this plant is not closely related to the cranberry. European cranberrybush. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Download this stock image: European Cranberry Bush, Snowball Tree, Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus). Viburnum opulus 'Compactum' (European Cranberrybush) is a compact, deciduous shrub of rounded habit, adorned with deep rich green, maple-like leaves that turn attractive shades of purple and pink in the fall. [9], The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. You'll love the lush look of the densely branched shrub. Definition of european cranberry bush, with etymology, pronunciation (phonetic and audio), synonyms, antonyms, derived terms and more about the word european cranberry bush. https://en.thefreedictionary.com/European+cranberry+bush, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, European Country of Origin Information Network, European Coupled Atmosphere Wave Ocean Model, European Course for Biobusiness Development, European Cracking Catalysts Producers Association, European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training, European Criminal Records Information System, European Crohn's and Colitis Organization, European CSCW Open Development Environment, European Cultural Organisation Social Education. Viburnum opulus is grown as an ornamental plant for its flowers and berries, growing best on moist, moderately alkaline soils, though tolerating most soil types well. Water: Water regularly throughout the growing season to keep the soil moist, but not water logged or soggy. The hermaphrodite flowers are white, produced in corymbs 4–11 cm (2–4 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 1.5–2 cm in diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm), fertile flowers; the flowers are produced in early summer, and pollinated by insects. European cranberrybush käännös sanakirjassa englanti - suomi Glosbessa, ilmaisessa online-sanakirjassa. It has a robust, full look, and stays quite a bit smaller than other Viburnums. Cultivation: Give this species a spot in full sun to partial shade—flowering is best in full sun. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. Viburnum opulus is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia. [19] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. A handsome hedge or filler plant with outstanding red fall foliage. Viburnum opulus 'Sterile' and 'Sterilis') - Three-inch May / June pom poms emerge granny apple smith green, develop white but often gradually turn light pink as inflorescence age. Guelder rose. Synonyms for European cranberry bushes in Free Thesaurus. noun deciduous thicket forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries • Syn: ↑guelder rose, ↑European cranberrybush, ↑crampbark, ↑cranberry tree, ↑Viburnum opulus • Hypernyms: ↑shrub, ↑bus This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. European cranberry bush - deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of … European cranberrybush synonyms, European cranberrybush pronunciation, European cranberrybush translation, English dictionary definition of European cranberrybush. It is however mildly toxic, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Define European cranberrybush. n. A North American shrub having three-lobed leaves, broad clusters of white flowers, and scarlet fruit. Selaa miljoonia sanoja ja sanontoja kaikilla kielillä. European cranberry bush käännös sanakirjassa englanti - suomi Glosbessa, ilmaisessa online-sanakirjassa. Antonyms for European cranberry bushes. European cranberry bush synonyms, European cranberry bush pronunciation, European cranberry bush translation, English dictionary definition of European cranberry bush. Sun: European Cranberry Bush thrives in full sun or partial shade. Species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae, "Cramp Bark: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", Peacebuilding with Women in Ukraine: Using Narrative to Envision a Common Future, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_opulus&oldid=989690482, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 13:18. This is the reason for the "roseum" moniker. What are synonyms for European cranberry bushes? Sep 21, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Seasonal Gardens. No need to register, buy now! Search from 60 top European Cranberry Bush pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. americanum) is a more recommended substitute. paprastasis putinas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtisputinas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis European cranberry-bush viburnum is an attractive, multi-season interest shrub, but it has become an invasive plant in some states and is not recommended. Sku #7465. Find the perfect european cranberry bush stock photo. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. The seeds are dispersed by birds. Selaa miljoonia sanoja ja sanontoja kaikilla kielillä. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The species grow 10 feet tall and wide. Soil: Fertile, moist, well-drained soil. European cranberrybush: Het woord European cranberrybush is bekend in onze database, echter hebben wij hiervoor nog geen vertaling van engels naar nederlands.. Synoniemen voor "european cranberrybush": guelder rose; European cranberrybush; European cranberry bush; crampbark; cranberry tree; Viburnum opulus; shrub; bush Synoniemen voor "european cranberry bush": The red fiery color of the berries represents beauty in Russian culture and together with sweet raspberries it symbolises the passionate love of a beautiful maiden, since berries were always an erotic symbol in Russia. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture: A Discussion for the Amateur, and ...by Liberty Hyde Bailey by Liberty Hyde Bailey (1917) "EUROPEAN CRANBERRY-BUSH. Phylogenetic anlyses suggest the following relationship between those species: clade containing sections Sambucina, Lobata, Coriacea, and Succodontotinus, V. edule (squashberry, mooseberry) — Canada and northern parts of the US, V. koreanum (korean viburnum) — China, Korea, V. sargentii (tianmu viburnum) — north eastern Asia, V. trilobum (high bush viburnum) — northern North America. The shrub is also cultivated as a component of hedgerows, cover plantings, and as part of other naturalistic plantings in its native regions. Twig with ripe berries in autumn, Germany - RWGBB1 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. What are synonyms for European cranberry bush? Noun 1. It is naturalised in North America, where it is called "European cranberrybush" (although it is not a cranberry). The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. With a mature height of 1.5' - 2' tall, this plant makes a great foundation plant or … Define European cranberry bush. It has the same ornamental features and is native to North America. Overwatering is preferable to not watering enough, as the plant is not at all drought tolerant.. 4 synonyms for cranberry bush: American cranberry bush, highbush cranberry, Viburnum trilobum, cranberry tree. Produces occasional showy white flower clusters in the summer. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. [12][13] Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. Literary usage of European cranberry bush. In late spring, creamy-white flowers in flattened clusters are elegantly held above the foliage at the tips of the arching branches. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of the Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. Resembling a maple, Viburnum opulus (European Cranberrybush) is a lovely addition to the landscape, which is prized for its spring foliage color, healthy summer foliage, vibrant fall color and showy fruits. Buy Dwarf European Cranberry Bush online. European cranberry bush: The word European cranberry bush exists in our database, but we currently do not have a translation from English to Dutch.. Synonyms for "european cranberrybush": guelder rose; European cranberrybush; European cranberry bush; crampbark; cranberry tree; Viburnum opulus; shrub; bush Synonyms for "european cranberry bush": Synonyms for European cranberry bush in Free Thesaurus. European cranberry bushes synonyms, European cranberry bushes pronunciation, European cranberry bushes translation, English dictionary definition of European cranberry bushes. Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature: 1. americanum Ait., or as V. opulus subsp. There is some confusion, as there are a few other plants, including other members of the genus Viburnum, also referred to as "snowball bush". Viburnum opulus (kalina) is also one of the national symbols of Russia. Kalina derived in Russian language from kalit' or raskalyat', which means "to make red-hot". An extremely dense and compact version of the standard V. opulus. Discover (and save!) However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping.[11]. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (syn. A dwarf deciduous shrub grown for its dense mounding habit and small size. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. European cranberrybush viburnums usually are 8 to 12 feet tall, but can reach 15 feet. New trilobed leaves have a reddish tinge, which is quite attractive. In Slavic paganism kalyna also represents the beauty of a young lady, which rhymes well in the Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na — div-chy-na. 5 synonyms for European cranberry bush: crampbark, cranberry tree, European cranberrybush, guelder rose, Viburnum opulus. The Compact European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus 'Compactum,') is a small, mounded, dense shrub. viburnum. your own Pins on Pinterest Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. The fruit is a globose bright red drupe 7–10 mm diameter, containing a single seed. [14][15][16] The song Chervona Kalyna was the anthem of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, and a berry cluster is today an insignia of the Ukrainian Army. Noun 1. European cranberry bush [the ~] noun the European cranberry bush – deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries 1 European cranberry bush synonyms, European cranberry bush pronunciation, European cranberry bush translation, English dictionary definition of European cranberry bush. Antonyms for European cranberry bush. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. Translation for 'European cranberry bush' in the free English-Polish dictionary and many other Polish translations. Călin is also used as both a given name and a surname. Origin : Europe, Northern Africa, Western and Northern Asia Environment : alluvial forests, shrubberies; on fresh to wet loamy and clay soil Climate : mild, cool, cold. It is called cramp bark as relieving this type of muscle tightness is most often associated with relieving women's menstrual (period) cramps. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. A dense, rigidly upright-growing small shrub with good fall color; does not have the flowers or fruit of the species; hardy and adaptable; makes an excellent low hedge … Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. Noun 1. The similar, native American cranberry-bush viburnum ( Vibrunum opulus var. The cultivars 'Notcutt’s Variety',[6] 'Roseum'[7] and 'Xanthocarpum'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [18]:149 The bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture. 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Africa culture, Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of standard. The beauty of a young lady, which has been influenced by East Slavic culture Viburnum! ], the term cramp bark is related to the properties of the can. 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images 12 ] [ 13 ] its berries symbolize 's! Find anywhere else download this stock image: European cranberry bush translation English! Regularly throughout the growing season to keep the soil moist, but can reach 15 feet and produce clumps... Opulus 'Compactum, ' ) is also used as both a given name and a surname clumps straight! Paganism of millennia ago style called Khokhloma blood, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if european cranberry bush in large.!: European cranberry bush, highbush cranberry that is native to North America berries one. Mature height of 1.5 ' - 2 ' tall, but can reach 15 feet full,... Ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma that you wo n't find anywhere.... 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